Having to vote for a specific party in your area then hoping that party gets enough votes in enough districts to form the Government is bad enough. Now they want us to vote on weather or not to CHANGE that.
Currently we use the "first past the post" method.
How does it work?
Ontario is divided into 107 electoral districts. In each district each voter gets one vote to choose which candidate they feel should win a seat in the provincial legislature. One vote. One ballot.
In an election using the First-Past-the-Post system, the candidate with the most votes wins and will be the representative for the electoral district in the provincial legislature.
After the election, the political party that wins the most electoral districts is normally asked to form a government.
The new option is Mixed Member Proportional.
If this system is accepted, Ontarians will have two votes in future elections: one for a ‘Local Member’ and one for a political party.
The provincial legislature would have 129 seats: Local Members’ would fill 90 seats while ‘List Members’ would fill 39 seats.
The political party with the largest number of seats in the legislature, including ‘Local Members’ and ‘List Members’, is asked to form a government.
In each electoral district, one vote would be used to elect a 'Local Member' using a First-Past-the-Post system. The candidate with the most votes in an electoral district wins.
The other vote would be for a political party. Votes for parties will be used to determine the number of 'List Members' each party gets. This is the proportional representation part.
If a political party is entitled to more seats than it won locally, 'List Members' are elected to make up the difference. 'List Members' can only be elected from a political party that received more than 3% of these votes.
In the end, a political party's overall share of seats will roughly equal its share of the total votes for parties in the province.
Anyone who meets the rules for eligibility can become a candidate for election as a ‘Local Member’. Some candidates are called “independents” while others represent a political party.
‘List Members’ are candidates from any registered political party. Before an election each political party prepares an ordered list of candidates they would like considered as ‘List Members’.
These lists, and the way they are created, would be made public well in advance of any election in a Mixed Member Proportional system.
I have a basic grasp on the difference: With the MMP I can vote 2 different parties.
What I don't get is what the advantages of each are.
Can anyone explain the dis/advantages of each?